Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and shall give an audible signal when necessary. Stat. Vermont requires that the operator of a motor vehicle approaching or passing a vulnerable user, including a bicyclist, shall exercise due care, which includes increasing clearance, to pass the vulnerable user safely. Source: Ohio Rev. In general, your best bet is to avoid performing stunts like wheelies on public roads, whether or not the stunt in question is specifically banned by law. No law was found in Michigan that requires persons opening the door of a motor vehicle to do so in a reasonably safe manner that does not interfere with the movement of traffic. §§55-8-136(b); 55-8-199; 55-50-311; 55-9-105. In New Hampshire, bicycles are defined as vehicles. (a) A bicycle operator approaching a stop sign at an intersection with a roadway having 3 or more lanes for moving traffic shall come … But when they try to show off, it’s often not in those circumstances and it only takes something to go slightly amiss for it to end in tears. North Dakota requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic. Source: Ga. Code Ann. The comparative negligence statutes of Louisiana shall apply in these cases as in all other cases of negligence. Wyoming does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. A motorized bicycle or tricycle, including an electric-assisted bicycle; 3. Ohio provides that no person shall drive any vehicle, other than a bicycle, upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. §§291C-148; 291C-145(g). §§41-6a-102(72); 41-6a-1102. No law was found in New Jersey  that requires persons opening the door of a motor vehicle to do so in a reasonably safe manner that does not interfere with the movement of traffic. It is legal for all persons of any age to operate a bicycle without wearing a helmet unless otherwise provided by a municipal regulation. Prescribe penalties for operating a bicycle on public roads or streets within the locality without an attached license plate, tag, or adhesive decal. That’s because in general, police officers are given a certain amount of discretion to cite people for dangerous behavior. Arkansas requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so. Maryland provides that its state traffic laws do not prevent a local authority, in the reasonable exercise of its police power, from regulating the operation of bicycles, requiring them to be registered, and imposing a registration fee. Wisconsin provides that no bicyclist facing a steady red signal shall enter the roadway unless he or she can do so safely and without interfering with any vehicular traffic. No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district; Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian; and. Source: Office of the State Traffic Administration (OSTA) §14-298-238. §§56-5-120; 56-5-3420. New Mexico currently has the following law aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions: New Mexico requires that a bicyclist ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction. Pennsylvania provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities on streets or highways within their physical boundaries from the reasonable exercise of their police powers. New York does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. Motor vehicles may not block the bicycle lane to oncoming bicycle traffic and shall yield to a bicyclist in the bicycle lane before entering or crossing the lane; and. Exercising due care, as provided by law, may proceed with due caution when it is safe to do so. Stat. The North Carolina Department of Transportation in its "Guide to North Carolina Bicycle and Pedestrian Laws" currently advises that this law does not apply to bicyclists. For more information on such plates please visit: http://www.iowadot.gov/mvd/ovs/plates/share.htm. In most cases, riders perform them deliberately and publicly to show off. Minnesota currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions: Source: Minn. Stat. Indiana has no helmet law. Missouri requires that the operator of a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle proceeding in the same direction on the roadway shall leave a safe distance when passing the bicycle, and shall maintain clearance until safely past the overtaken bicycle. Florida does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. Rhode Island's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists. Governor's Highway Safety Office Legal Resources: Knoxville Regional Transportation Planning Organization Handbook for Motorists & Bicyclists: A person under 18 years of age may not operate a motor vehicle while using a wireless communications device; A person under 17 years of age who holds a restricted motorcycle license or moped license may not operate a motorcycle or moped while using a wireless communications device; An operator may not use a wireless communication device while operating a passenger bus with a minor passenger on the bus unless the passenger bus is stopped; and. No person shall operate a school bus on a public street or highway or public vehicular area while using a mobile telephone or any additional technology associated with a mobile telephone while the school bus is in motion. Utah provides that its state traffic laws shall not prevent a local highway authority, for a highway under its jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of police power, from regulating the operation of a bicycle and requiring the registration and inspection of bicycles, including requiring a registration fee. Source: Md. The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Iowa are generally found in Title VIII, Chapter 321 of the Iowa Code (Iowa Code), available here http://search.legis.state.ia.us/nxt/gateway.dll/ic?f=templates&fn=default.htm. The overtaking of a bicycle by a motor vehicle, or vice versa, is likely governed by general traffic laws and, in most circumstances, such overtaking must be done to the left at a safe distance. West Virginia requires that every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction. | The Rules | Dos & Don'ts. Compilation of Bicycle laws by South Dakota Department of Transportation: Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care by operating the vehicle at a safe speed, by maintaining a safe lookout, by keeping the vehicle under proper control and by devoting full time and attention to operating the vehicle; No person while driving a motor vehicle on any public road or highway shall use a hand-held mobile telephone or a hand-held personal digital assistant to transmit or read a written message; No driver possessing a learner permit or intermediate driver license pursuant to this section shall operate a motor vehicle in motion on any highway while using a hand held cellular telephone, cellular car telephone, or other mobile telephone;  and. This law preempts local regulation of bicycles, except for local regulation of sidewalk riding as specifically provided in the law. However, the Connecticut Driver’s Manual does caution that drivers, when parked on the street, should check to the sides and rear for bicyclists before opening a vehicle door: http://www.ct.gov/dmv/cwp/view.asp?a=2594&q=245446. New Mexico's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to vehicles and therefore does not directly apply to bicyclists. When riding upon a one-way street or highway with two or more marked lanes of travel, in which case a bicyclist may ride as close as is safe to the left-hand curb or edge of the street or highway. New York requires that the operator of a vehicle overtaking, from behind, a bicycle proceeding on the same side of a roadway shall pass to the left of such bicycle at a safe distance until safely clear. Maine Department of Transportation Compilation of laws: The Bicycle Coalition of Maine Compilation of laws: The bicycle rider fails to ride in conformance with the laws requiring riding to the right side of the roadway or riding within a bike lane  paved to a smooth surface, A passing clearance of less than 3 feet is caused solely by the bicycle rider failing to maintain a steady course, or.

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