One who says cases in Russian are quite hard is only partly right. In addition, Russia reported 28235 Coronavirus Deaths . Note that the ending does not change in this example: телефон (teleFON) - "a phone" - remains the same.
There are 6 cases in Russian language, the first one – the Nominative case – is the original form of the word. You will find here only important, consolidated and clear information that improves your skills and saves a lot of time on studying Russian grammar.
Below we offer to your attention tables with endings per case and links to related lessons. Note the change in the ending: человек (chelaVYEK) - "a man/a person" becomes человеку (chelaVEkoo) - "to a man/to a person.". All Russian nouns belong to one of the three declension groups. – list of prepositions for cases The nominative case exists in English, too. There 6 cases in the Russian Case System. The nominative case answers the questions кто/что (ktoh/chtoh), meaning who/what, and identifies the subject of a sentence. Our course covers each of the Russian case in detail. Emphasis on who was eating the porridge: Кашу ела Маша (KAshu YElah Masha) - Masha was eating kasha. – case endings for nouns and adjectives At first you may consider acquiring Russian cases a pretty challenging task. You will see how to use Russian cases with and without prepositions, what is special about certain prepositions, what are the questions intended for each case. One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. In all the following sentences, "Masha" is in the nominative case while "kasha" is in the accusative case. If you want to know more about cases and how to use them, you can visit our Russian cases course. We prepared detailed explanation on the use of the Russian cases (Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental, Prepositional). It can also be used to talk about something that you are interested in. There are 6 cases in Russian language, the first one – the Nominative case – is the original form of the word. Its equivalent in English is the accusative, or objective, case (him, her). And now in order to check your understanding of the Russian case system try to test cases right away! You will learn how to use cases with and without prepositions, which prepositions are specific for certain case and wich prepositions are used with several cases. A case indicates the function of a word (object, subject, mode,...). Their endings have changed to "и": тетрадь (tytRAD') - "a notebook" - becomes тетради (tytRAdi) - (absence of) a notebookручка (ROOCHka) - "a pen" - becomes ручки (ROOCHki) - (absence of) a pen. Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. Russian cases show what role the words play in a sentence. The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. You can download Russian cases table (pdf) – Nouns and Adjectives, singular or plural forms. The dative case answers the questions кому/чему (kaMOO/chyMOO) – to whom/(to) what, and shows that something is given or addressed to the object. The ending has changed: Рассвет (rassVYET) - "dawn" - becomes на рассвете (na rassVYEtye) - "at dawn.". The ending has changed here: культура (kool'TOOra) becomes культурой (kool'TOOray). As you can see, in Russian, each word can be used in any position in this sentence. The noun собака is in the nominative case and is the subject of the sentence. Genitive case. On this page you will find useful information on the Russian cases usage with examples in Russian and in English. The word книгу is in the dative case and is the object of the sentence. The accusative case answers the questions кого/что (kaVOH/CHTO) – whom/what, and куда (kooDAH) – where. It also answers the question откуда (atKOOda)—from where. Below we offer to your attention tables with endings per case and links to related lessons. Russian cases, Bilingual trip, Russian idioms, Period of time in Instrumental case (video), How do You Say in Russian: 10 minutes before (video), Nouns that end with -У/-Ю in Prepositional case, Nouns that end with -Ь: masculine or feminine.