The flag bearer was himself fired upon by the Regulators, who called out, "Fire and be damned". The battle features in the Diana Gabaldon novel, The Fiery Cross, and is depicted in the television adaptation, Outlander, in the fifth-season episode "The Ballad of Roger Mac," which first aired in 2020. They were only standing up against those certain local officials who had become corrupt and unworthy tools of the King, and they only turned to riot and armed rebellion as a last resort when all other peaceful means through petitions, elections to the Assembly, etc. You have no cannon! Alamance, North Carolina. How did William Pitt plan to encourage the Americans to assume the military burden in the Seven Year's War in American? Ten picnic tables are available for use by visitors. The years preceding the American Revolution, were a period of discontent. Tryon sent one of his aides-de-camp, Captain Philemon Hawkins II, and the Sheriff of Orange County with a proclamation: To Those Who Style Themselves "Regulators": In reply to your petition of yesterday, I am to acquaint you that I have ever been attentive to the interests of your County and to every individual residing therein. Outraged at the disregard of a second white flag, the Governor rallied his troops against the insurgents, whose ammunition was running out. Many surviving ex-Regulators became loyalists during the Revolution, and several anti-Regulators [e.g. Funded by council member and wealthy merchant Samuel Cornell for £6,000,[5] on May 11, Tryon left the county seat of Hillsborough with his militia to confront the Regulators, who had made camp south of Great Alamance Creek in western Orange County (present-day Alamance County).[6]. You have no ammunition. had failed to redress their grievances. The Governor will grant you nothing. with a defeat of the Regulator forces. You have no military training! [8], Losses for both sides are disputed. By the 1760s, the restless backcountry residents had coalesced into a loosely controlled group known as "Regulators." Battle of Alamance Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. You are unprepared for war! John's sister, Amy, was the wife of Herman Husband, an agitator and pamphleteer prominent in the Regulator movement who was present at the Battle of Alamance. [3][4], In the spring of 1771, Royal Governor William Tryon left New Bern, mustering and marching approximately 1,000 militia troops west to address a rebellion that had been brewing in western counties for several years, but which had included only minor, scattered acts of violence, followed by refusals to pay fees, disruptions of court proceedings, and continued harassment of government officials. Some of the Regulators remained behind to continue firing upon the militia. Coordinates: 36°00′41″N 79°31′18″W / 36.0115°N 79.5217°W / 36.0115; -79.5217, Alamance Battleground is a North Carolina State Historic Site commemorating the Battle of Alamance. Gentlemen and Regulators: Those of you who are not too far committed should desist and quietly return to your homes, those of you who have laid yourselves liable should submit without resistance. Peaceful protests and minor incidents occurred until 1768, when an association of "Regulators" was formed. The Battle of Alamance, which took place on May 16, 1771, was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control, considered by some to be the opening salvo of the American Revolution. The Battle of Alamance is further memorialized through an annual battle reenactment. You will be defeated! Lord John and the Brotherhood of the Blade, "I Give You My Body...": How I Write Sex Scenes, Outlander: Season 1, Vol. Delays prevented the 300 reinforcements under Captain Benjamin Merrill from arriving in time. Tryon, in a moment of anger, took a musket from a militiaman and shot Thompson dead. Today the site contains exhibits, period cannon, and colored flags representing troop positions. Alamance Battleground State Historic Site also includes the John Allen House, which family sources suggest was constructed around 1780. Some historians in the late nineteenth-early twentieth centuries considered the battle to be the opening salvo of the American Revolution, and locals agreed with this assessment. Event details Lieutenant-colonels: John Frohock, Moses Alexander, Majors: William Bullock, Walter Lindsay, Thomas Lloyd, Martin Fifer, and John Hinton, James Hunter – So-called "General of the Regulators", whose 1901 statue is now found at, James Few – executed at camp after the battle, Charles Harrington – died from wounds received at the battle, James Emerson – later signed the Revolutionary War Patriots' Muster Roll as James Emison (Emmerson), Hermon (or Harmon) Cox – his powder horn is now on display at Alamance Battleground, This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 19:32. Outside the visitors center, the grounds are marked with 2 granite monuments. Many of the Regulators fled the field. The grounds are crossed by a ¾ mile trail, and key battle positions are marked with pennants as is the Regulator campsite. Location [7] Shortly thereafter, a large crowd of Regulators appeared in front of the militia, waving their hats and daring the militia to open fire. Visitors may also tour the onsite Allen House, a restored frontier farmstead of the period. The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control. Five miles away, 2,000 Regulators had assembled. Participants Unfortunately for them, the Regulators had no ammunition and it could not be used. [2] The battleground is largely handicapped accessible. They employed what was referred to as "Indian style" fighting, hiding behind trees and avoiding structure and lines. He formed two lines, and divided his artillery between the wings and the center of the first line. May 15 – May 16, 1771 Though the vast majority of North Carolina's population was rural farmers, most of the colony's political power was in the hands of a small number of city-based officials and merchants. [3], The state historic site belongs to the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources was established to preserve part of the battleground and provide historical interpretation of the lifestyle of the settlers in 1770s north central North Carolina. To require you who are now assembled as Regulators, to quietly lay down your arms, to surrender up your leaders, to the laws of your country and rest on the leniency of the Government. Realizing what he had done, he sent a flag bearer named Donald Malcolm with a white flag in hopes of calming things quickly. Tryon sent one final warning: Some of the Regulators petitioned the Royal Governor to give up seven captured Regulators in exchange for two of his men that they had captured the previous day. The Battle of Alamance began on May 16 after the Regulators rejected Tryon’s suggestion they disperse peacefully. [16][17], Lutie Andrews McCorkle, "The North Carolina Booklet", Vol III, No. Tryon reported nine dead and 61 wounded among the militia. Recent archaeological studies at the site have shown that the area now known as Alamance Battleground was also the site of another skirmish in the revolutionary war and of a civil war era Confederate encampment. At about this time, two men who had been attempting to negotiate a peace between the two sides left Tryon's camp: Reverend David Caldwell and Robert Thompson. The following individuals were numbered as members of the Regulators: The following were excepted from pardons by Tryon: Six men were found guilty of treason, but were pardoned at Tryon's behest: Six men were found guilty of treason and were sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered, although in practice, they were only hanged: Visitors to Alamance Battleground State Historic Site may view the field of battle, memorialized in 1880 with a granite monument and a second monument in 1903. 2 (Original Television Soundtrack), Outlander: Season 2 (Original Television Soundtrack), https://outlander.fandom.com/wiki/Battle_of_Alamance?oldid=38465. A smokehouse also stands on the grounds. Outlander Wiki is a FANDOM Books Community. The residents of the backcountry chafed under high taxes and a biased justice system. The Royal Governor pardoned others and allowed them to stay on the condition that they pledge an oath of allegiance to the royal government. Evidence was also found of a Civil War era encampment of the 3rd North Carolina Junior Reserve unit under the command of Col. John Hinsdale, who camped on the site shortly before surrendering near High Point to Union forces. He became suspicious that his positions were being flanked and ordered the militia to march within 30 yards of the Regulators. Herman Husband, a Quaker, realizing violence was about to take place, left the area. The War of Regulation: A Revolutionary Reaction for Reform", "Colonial Williamsburg's latest buy: Money", "Some Neglected History of North Carolina", "Search of Alamance Battleground yields archaeological jackpot", Outlander Recap: “The Ballad of Roger Mac”, "Alamance Battleground, Burlington, North Carolina", "An authentic relation of the Battle of Alamance", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Alamance&oldid=982537937, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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